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Facts about Hawaii

  • State Population: 1,304,300 - Spread over the eight main islands. Oahu 1 million, Maui 100,000, Big Island 110,000, Kauai 80,000, Molokai 10,000, Lanai 4,000, Niihau 300, Kohoolawe 0.
  • State Capitol: Honolulu on Oahu.
  • Most famous beach- Waikiki Beach on Oahu.
  • Largest harbor: Pearl Harbor, Oahu.
  • Highest elevation- Mauna Kea, the Big Island, 13,796 ft. (4,205 m)
  • Wettest Spot- Mt. Waialeale on Kauai. Tallest sea cliffs-North Molokai.
  • Most active volcano- Kilauea on the Big Island.
  • Biggest and best surf- North Shore, Oahu.
  • Climate: Sub-tropical, warm and sunny with moderate humidity, daytime
    high temperatures in the 80's, lows in the 70's (25 C average). Trade
    winds from the North East, water temperature averages 75 degrees F (24 C) year
    round.
  • Biggest industry: Tourism, over 6 million visitors per year.
  • State Motto: Ua Mau Ke Ea O Ka Aina I Ka Pono, "The life of the land is perpetuated in righteousness."
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ABOUT HAWAII'S CLIMATE

Hawai'i has a moderate tropical climate influenced by the warm Pacific Ocean and prevailing northeasterly trade winds. Temperatures vary little from place to place, except at higher elevations. The average annual temperature of 75 ° F (23.9° C) fluctuates only slightly from summer to winter.  The recorded temperature in the state has ranged from 12° F (-11.1° C) near the summit of Mauna Kea in 1979 to 100° F (37.8° C) at Pahala (on the Big Island of Hawai‘i) in 1931.

Unlike the temperature, Hawai‘i's rainfall varies tremendously according to location. The highest amount of rainfall is usually at moderate elevations on the windward (east) sides of the islands and is due to moisture-laden oceanic trade winds. Leeward (western) locations are drier, because they are shielded from the damp winds by mountains. The lowest rainfall in the state is at Puako on leeward Hawai‘i (Big Island), which averages 5.7 inches (145 mm) of rain a year. Mt. Wai‘ale‘ale on Kaua‘i is known as the "world's wettest spot," averaging 486 inches (12,344 mm) of rainfall per 
year. Severe storms are uncommon, but in September 1992 Hurricane Iniki caused an estimated $1 billion in damage, mostly on Kaua‘i. The state's annual "hurricane season"-- when these storms are most likely to form -- is June through September.

Average climate

Average January temperature range

Honolulu: 65° to 79° F (18.3° to 26.1° C)
Hilo: 63° to 80° F (17.2° to 26.7° C)

Average July temperature range

Honolulu: 73° to 87° F (22.8° to 30.6° C)
Hilo: 68° to 83° F (20° to 28.3° C) 

Average annual temperature 

Honolulu: 77° F (25° C)
Hilo: 73° F (22.8° C)

Average annual precipitation

Honolulu: 23 in (584 mm)
Hilo: 134 in (3404 mm)

Mean number of clear days per year 

Honolulu: 90
Hilo: 30